Skin type is the description of how and why your skin looks, feels and behaves as it does. The four most common skin types are:
- Normal: Displays a smooth texture and a rosy, clear surface, with fine pores. There are no visible blemishes, greasy patches or flaky areas. Sebum production, moisture content, keratinisation and desquamation are well-balanced. Normal skin is often found in young persons.
- Oily: Characterized by an increased amount of lipids on the skin surface due to overactive sebaceous glands. It is shiny and thick, often with enlarged pores. Oily skin is prone to blackheads and other blemishes. It occurs more often in men than in women, and mainly affects younger persons.
- Dry: Characterized by a lack of moisture in its corneous layer, dry skin results in tightness and even flaking. The skin appears dull, especially on the cheeks and around the eyes. It may lack elasticity, with accentuated fine lines and wrinkles. Extremely dry skin shows signs of cracking and itching.
- Combination: Combination skin is rather dry in some parts of the body and oily in other localizations. Mixed facial skin tends toward dryness on the cheeks and around the eyes while being oily in the t-zone (nose, forehead, chin). The dry parts and the oily parts require different skin care regimens.
What Influences Skin Type?
- Hormonal changes (Menopause, pregnancy and menstrual cycles can cause the skin to fluctuate from oily to breakouts, skin discoloration and dryness.)
- Skin disorders (rosacea, dermatitis, psoriasis)
- Genetic predisposition
- Diet (Research shows a diet high in antioxidants and omega-3 can improve the appearance of skin.)
- Climate/weather (cold, warm, moist, dry)
- Skin care routine (Routines such as over-exfoliating, over-moisturizing, or using irritating/drying ingredients can create skin problems that were not there before.)
- Sun exposure (major cause of Hyperpigmentation)
- Pollution (creates free radical activity that damages collagen)
Everyone has a skin type classification; however, not everyone has a skin condition. There is a distinct difference between type and condition. Conditions occur in many different skin types and include:
- Dehydration, Dryness – Indicators of dehydration are visible fine lines and feeling of tight skin
- Sun damage, Hyperpigmentation- Usually caused by Sun damage and over-exposure to harmful sun rays
- Wrinkles and Acne- Wrinkles are caused by many intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Acne occurs when the pores of the skin become clogged